10 Difference between Christian and Muslim Prayer

Today, in this article, we will learn about the Major differences between Christian and Muslim prayer. Many people mistakenly believe that Christian and Muslim prayer are the same, but what is the truth? We will explain each aspect.

We will also see how many times Muslims do Prayer in a day as well as Christian before knowing the difference between Christian and Muslim Prayer. We should know the importance of Prayer in the Muslim and well Christian religions.

This is very important to know the importance of Prayer in Islam. Praying salah on time is one of the important pillars in the five basic pillars of Islam. On the other hand, Christians also have faith in prayer, but compared to Muslims, they are slightly margined in their prayer.

What is Muslim?

A Muslim is a follower of the Islamic faith, which is based on the belief in one God and the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Muslims practice the Five Pillars of Islam, which include the declaration of faith, Prayer, Fasting, Charity, and pilgrimage to Mecca.

What is Christian?

A Christian is a follower of the religion of Christianity, which is based on the belief in one God and the teachings of Jesus Christ. Christians practice their faith through worship, prayer, and living according to the teachings of the Bible.

10 Difference between Christian and Muslim Prayer

These are the significant differences between Christian and Muslim prayers.

1. Partial Ablution (wudu)

One of the basic differences between Muslim and Christian prayer is “wudu” Muslims make wudu (partial ablution) before praying.

In comparison, Christians don’t make wudu. They pray without wudu. Muslims can’t pray without making wudu. Let me share some authentic hadith examples of what important ablution is.

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, “Whoever performs ablution should clean his nose with water by putting the water in it and then blowing it out, and whoever cleans his private parts with stones should do it with odd number of stones.”

Volume 1, Book 4, Number 162

Narrated Muhammad Ibn Ziyad:
I heard Abu Huraira saying as he passed by us while the people were performing ablution from a utensil containing water, “Perform ablution perfectly and thoroughly for Abul-Qasim (the Prophet) said, ‘Save your heels from the Hell-fire.’

Book 4, Number 166

2. Direction of prayer

Christian people do not have any specific direction for praying. Muslim people pray toward the holy Kaaba the Qibla. Muslim people may be in any corner of the world, but if he prays, he only bows their head toward Kaaba the Qibla.

وَكَذٰلِكَ جَعَلۡنٰكُمۡ اُمَّةً وَّسَطًا لِّتَکُوۡنُوۡا شُهَدَآءَ عَلَى النَّاسِ وَيَكُوۡنَ الرَّسُوۡلُ عَلَيۡكُمۡ شَهِيۡدًا ؕ وَمَا جَعَلۡنَا الۡقِبۡلَةَ الَّتِىۡ كُنۡتَ عَلَيۡهَآ اِلَّا لِنَعۡلَمَ مَنۡ يَّتَّبِعُ الرَّسُوۡلَ مِمَّنۡ يَّنۡقَلِبُ عَلٰى عَقِبَيۡهِ ​ؕ وَاِنۡ كَانَتۡ لَكَبِيۡرَةً اِلَّا عَلَى الَّذِيۡنَ هَدَى اللّٰهُ ؕ وَمَا كَانَ اللّٰهُ لِيُضِيْعَ اِيۡمَانَكُمۡ​ ؕ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ بِالنَّاسِ لَرَءُوۡفٌ رَّحِيۡمٌ‏

“Thus have We made of you an Ummah justly balanced. That ye might be witnesses over the nations and the Messenger a witness over yourselves; and We appointed the Qiblah to which thou wast used, only to test those who followed the Messenger from those who would turn on their heels (from the faith). Indeed it was (a change) momentous except to those guided by Allah. And never would Allah make your faith of no effect. For Allah is to all people most surely full of kindness, Most Merciful.” 


Narrated Anas bin Malik Allah’s Apostle said, “Whoever prays like us and faces our Qibla and eats our slaughtered animals is a Muslim and is under Allah’s and His Apostle’s protection. So do not betray Allah by betraying those who are in His protection.”

Sahih Bukhari. Chapter 8 hadith 386

Narrated Abu Huraira, A person entered the mosque and said prayer while the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) was sitting in a nook (of the mosque), and the rest of the hadith is the same as mentioned above, but with this addition:” When you get up to pray, perform the ablution completely, and then turn towards the Qibla and recite takbir (Allah hu Akbar ,Allah is the Most Great)

Sahih Muslim. Chapter 4, hadith 782

3. Prayer time

Christians do not have any specific time to pray. They can pray anytime, whereas Muslims also can communicate to Allah (SWT) at any time, but they have some specific time for praying. They pray five times daily, which is mandatory for every adult.

“Abdullah asked the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) “Which deed is the dearest to Allah?” He replied, “To offer the prayers at their early stated fixed times.”

(Sahih al-Bukhari 527)

Do not tell your Salah that you have work to do, rather, tell your work that you have Salah to do!”

 إِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ كَانَتْ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ كِتَابًا مَوْقُوتًا

“Surely the Salah at fixed hours (of the day and night) has been enjoined upon the believers.”

(Surah an-Nisa, 4:103)

4. Physical posture

If we talk about this Differently, Christians do not involve physical posture while praying.

Whereas Muslims pay salah with many different postures, such as – Takbeerat ,Al-Qiyam ,Ruku ,Qiyam, sujod(sajjadh) ,Tashahhud, Salam.

As Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) said, “Pray while standing and if you can’t, pray while sitting and if you cannot do even that, then pray lying on your side”.

(Al-Bukhari 2:20, 218). See Figures 11-13.

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: When any one of you stands up to pray. The devil comes to him and confuses him that he does not know how much he has prayed. If any one of you h” such an experience, he should perform two prostrations while sitting down (in qa’da).

Sahih haditl book 4

5. Content

While praying, Christians include praise and confession, and they remember god. Whereas Muslims, while praying, they typically involve reciting specific verses from the holy Quran. And they also seek forgiveness, saying All praises and thanks be to Allah.

All praises and thanks be to Allah, Who (Alone) created the heavens and the earth, and originated the darkness and the light; yet those who disbelieve hold others as equal with their Lord.

Surah Al Anaam (6), verse 1

6. Worship palace

Christians pray in churches or other places, whereas Muslims pray in mosques. They get more rewards if they pray in the mosque with a group (Jamat) from Allah SWT.

In some situations, they also can pray anywhere the place of worship should be pure or the direction should be right toward Kaaba the Qibla.

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Whoever purifies himself in his house, then comes to the mosque of Quba and prays in it, he will have a reward like the Umrah pilgrimage.

Abu Huraira reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Whoever goes to the mosque at dawn or dusk, Allah will prepare for his residence in Paradise for every morning and evening.”

aḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 662, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 669

7. Language

Muslim prayers are reciting the holy Quran in the Arabic language. In comparison, Christian prayers are often spoken in the worshipper’s native language.

“A Book of which the verses are explained in detail, a Qur’an in Arabic for people who know.”

Al-Qur’an 41:3

“Verily, we have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’an in order that you may understand.”

Al-Qur’an 12:2

8. Fully Ablution

Christians do not have any specific ablution for prayer whereas. Muslims have some rituals and perform actions before praying, such as a person who is praying should be fully ablution; (if he is involved in sexual activity with his wife and is impure can’t pray).

Narrated `Aisha: Whenever the Prophet took a bath after Janaba he started by washing his hands and then performed ablution like that for the prayer. After that he would put his fingers in water and move the roots of his hair with them, and then pour three handfuls of water over his head and then pour water all over his body.

Sahih Al Bukhari 1: Chapter 5, Hadith 248

9.Using Prayer Mats

While praying, Muslims usually use prayer mats or rugs because they perform some specific action in prayer like Sujood, Ruku etc., whereas Christians do not use any mats or rugs. They perform the prayer by standing.

Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reported that he went to the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) and found him observing prayer on a mat and prostrating on that.

Book 4, Number 1393

Anas b. Malik reported that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) with the best among people in character. On occasions, the time of prayer would come while he was in our house. He would then order to spread the mat lying under him. That was dusted and then water was sprinkled over it. The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) then led the prayer and we stood behind him, and that mat was made of the leaves of date-palm.

Book 4, Number 1388

10.Prayer Leader

While Praying for Muslims, it is mandatory to lead the prayer by an Imam (the person who leads prayers in a mosque). Whereas when Christians pray, they don’t need any leader. Anyone can lead the prayer.

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: When the Imam says: “Allah listens to him who praises Him.” you should say: “O Allah, our Lord for Thee is the praise.” for if what anyone says synchronises with what the angels say, his past sins will be forgiven.

Book 4, Number 0809

‘A’isha reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) fell ill and some of his Companions came to inquire after his health.The Messenger of Allah (may peace he upon him) said prayer sitting, while (his Companions) said it (behind him) standing.He (the Holy Prophet) directed them by his gesture to sit down, and they sat down (in prayer).After finishing the (prayer) lie (the Holy Prophet) said: The Imam is appointed so that be should be followed, so bow down when lie bows down, and rise rip when he rises up and say (prayer) sitting when he (the Imam) says (it) sitting.

Book 4, Number 0822

These were Major differences between Christian and Muslim Prayer hope inshallah you would like it. As you can see, this is the beauty of Islam. Our beloved The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) taught us how to follow Islam and Allah SWT commandments, and they have given us live examples of authentic hadith.


Do Muslims pray in Jesus name?

Muslims do not pray in Jesus’ name. While they believe in Jesus as a prophet, they do not consider him the son of God or part of the Trinity. Muslims address God directly in their prayers, using various names and attributes, but not including Jesus’ name.

Can You be Half Christian and Half Muslim?

No, it is not possible to be half Christian and half Muslim as the two religions have fundamentally different beliefs and practices. One can be raised in a household with parents from different religious backgrounds, but ultimately, a person must choose one faith to follow and cannot be fully committed to both.

Sharing Is Sadaqah Jariyah:
Ashraf Ali

My name is Ashraf Ali, and I am a freelance writer and blogger. I have received my education from religious seminaries. I thoroughly enjoy writing on religious topics, and through my articles, I strive to convey the correct Islamic message to people.

Leave a Comment